Causes and Treatment of Gynecological Bleeding

Causes and Treatment of Gynecological Bleeding

Many women experience gynecological bleeding that is unrelated to their menstrual periods. While most causes of vaginal and uterine bleeding are related to benign causes, some may be linked to serious medical disorders. If you need an obgyn doctor becker mn that has gynecological specialists who can evaluate and treat your symptoms. Learn about some causes and treatments of gynecological bleeding by reviewing the following.


Aspirin is often implicated in abnormal bleeding, including bleeding during menstrual periods. Aspirin makes your blood platelets less effective at clotting normally because it decreases platelet aggregation. Gynecological bleeding is uncommon when aspirin is taken infrequently, however, if your physician has prescribed daily aspirin therapy to reduce your risk for a heart attack or certain cancers, you may bleed between your periods. If you experience gynecological bleeding, see your doctor, however, do not stop taking your aspirin if it was prescribed to protect your heart, unless your doctor tells you to do so

Vaginal Atrophy

Another common cause of gynecological bleeding is vaginal atrophy. It refers to the thinning of the vaginal tissues, usually as a result of low estrogen levels. It is most common in menopausal women; however, it can develop in women of any age. It can also develop after childbirth and as a side effect of certain medications. In addition to bleeding, vaginal atrophy can cause urinary burning, vaginal dryness, pain during sexual intercourse, frequent urinary infections, and vaginal discharge. Avoid using petroleum jelly or mineral oil because they can both raise your risk for a vaginal infection and may damage the latex on diaphragms or condoms. Your doctor may prescribe topical hormone replacement therapy to stimulate epithelial cellular repair of the vaginal walls

Other interventions include regular exercise to help promote circulation and blood flow of the vaginal area and nutritional intervention. Certain foods such as fish and those that mimic the effects of estrogen may also help treat vaginal atrophy. Foods that can mimic estrogen’s effects include soy products, sesame seeds, and flaxseed

Endometrial Hyperplasia

A gynecological disorder known as endometrial hyperplasia is a condition in which the lining of your uterus, also known as the endometrium, thickens. It is not cancer, however, in some cases, the endometrial tissue can undergo malignant transformation. It is typically caused by high estrogen levels and low progesterone. It is common in post-menopausal women; however, it can also develop in obese women or in women who fail to ovulate

While abnormal bleeding is the most common symptom, vaginal discharge can also occur. Endometrial hyperplasia may also cause an abnormal Pap test. If your doctor believes you have an abnormal thickening of the uterine lining, he or she may recommend an endometrial biopsy to look for abnormal cellular changes. While progesterone therapy is usually the most common treatment option for endometrial hyperplasia, your physician may recommend a hysterectomy, or the removal of your uterus, if you are past menopause. If you are pre-menopausal and considering having children, progesterone therapy may the best option for you, as a hysterectomy will prevent you from getting pregnant

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